Biology 11 Final Exam` Name: _____________ Part I: Complete each of the following with the proper word or words: 1. Proteins are manufactured in this cell structure _____________. 2. Homo is to genus, as sapiens is to ________________. 3 According to Aristotle's system of classification there were _______ kingdoms. 4. Carbon dioxide and water are produced as a result of the process called ______________. 5. The respiratory organs of a crayfish are called _____________________________. 6. The earthworm moves on bristle-like projections called ______________. 7. A paramecium belongs to the phylum ____________. 8. The amoeba belongs to the ____________ kingdom. 9. The large pincer claw of the crayfish is called ____________. 10. The calciferous glands of the earthworm are necessary because _____________________. 11. The hydra contains three cell layers called __________, __________, and ______________. 12. One characteristic of annelids is _____________________. 13. The anterior end of the earthworm contains the ___________. 14. Specialized crayfish excretory organs, located in the head ___________. 15. An early stage in the development of the hydra is called ______________. Part II: Definitions. Give the meaning for ANY FIFTEEN of the following: peristalsis euglena trichocyst conjugation taxonomy agar pseudopod pyloric sphincter villi cilia ventral colon clitellum flagellum bilateral symmetry binomial nomenclature hermaphroditic ostia Part III: Multiple Choice. Place the letter of the correct answer in the blank at left. 1. ____ Which structure is common to ALL eukaryotic cells? a. chloroplast b. mitochondrion c. cell wall d. bilayer membrane e. nucleus 2. ____ If plant cells are immersed in distilled water, the resulting movement of water into the cells is: a. conduction b. active transport c. transpiration d. osmosis e. facilitated diffusion 3. _____ The scientific name Homo sapiens indicates that organisms given this name a. belong to the species Homo b. belong to the genus Homo c. belong to the class Homo d. belong to the phylum Homo 4. _____ In Linnaeus' system of naming, organisms are identified by two names, the first name given is: a. species b. genus c. kingdom d. phylum 5 _____ In the development of animals, the endoderm gives rise to: a. the circulatory system b. the skeletal system c. the epidermis d. the digestive tract 6. ______ All crayfish have: a. unpaired appendages b. open circulatory system c. aortic arches d. an endoskeleton 7. ______ Which kind of evidence would help most to classify an organism? a. the Organism's habitat b. the evolutionary relationships of the organism c. the organism's eating habits d. the function of the organisms s body parts 8.______ Which structure is provides energy? a. ribosome b. mitochondrion c. cell wall d.. bilayer membrane e. nucleus 9. ________ Arthropods do not have: a. segmented bodies b. an open circulatory system c. jointed appendages d. endoskeleton 10. ________ Which of the following is the primary role of the lysosome? a. ATP synthesis b. Intracellular digestion c. Lipid transport d. Carbohydrate storage e. Protein synthesis Part 1V: Answer each of the following with as much detail as possible. 1. a) Draw and label the parts of a semi-permeable cell membrane. b) Explain the role of the cell membrane. How does it differ from that of a cell wall? c) With reference to the structure of the cell membrane, describe how materials enter and leave the cell. Include references to: phagocytosis, pinocytosis, facilitated diffusion, active and passive transport, osmosis and diffusion. Define each of these terms and explain their importance. 2. List three ways in which organisms are classified: a) _______________________________________ b) _______________________________________ c) _______________________________________ 3. a) Trace the development of our classification system from earliest times. b) Why are Latin and Greek names used? 4. a) Why aren't stomachs harmed by the acids necessary for digestion, or are they? b) Using a properly labelled concept map, describe the human digestive system. 5. a) Explain how circulation differs in the crayfish and earthworm. b) Compare the respiratory systems in the crayfish and an earthworm. c) An earthworm's digestive system is similar to that of more highly developed animals. Explain. Part V: Classification Key. ANSWERS 1. __________________ 4. ______________________ 2. __________________ 5. ______________________ 3. __________________ Part VI: Graphing. Plot the following data and answer these questions. 1. A cosmetic company runs its own lab to carry out research specifically on its products. A recent experiment was done to see whether using mascara (a cosmetic applied to the eyelashes) would increase the incidence of eye infections. A sterile swab was smeared across the eyelid and then placed in the mascara. The bacteria populations were sampled every day for one week and the following results obtained: DAY NUMBER OF BACTERIA 1 2000 2 6000 3 10000 4 32000 5 40000 6 20000 7 12000 a) Using the data from the table above, draw a graph to show the growth of the bacteria. Plot the days on the horizontal axis and the numbers on vertical axis. b) Examine your graph carefully. Generally describe the growth pattern of the bacteria. Give reasons for your answer. c) Based on the results shown, what can you conclude from this experiment? Give reasons for your answer. d) Draw and label a bacterium. e) In what ways can bacteria be helpful?