Biology 11          		  Mid-Term Exam		    	NAME: __________________

Part I: Multiple Choice. Put the letter of the correct answer in the blank to the left.

____ 1.  Structures found in the cells of both plants and animals are
	a)  nucleus and chromosomes 
	b)  centrioles and lysosomes
	c)  chloroplast and ribosomes
	d)  cell walls and vacuoles
	e)  contractile vacuoles and leucoplasts

____ 2.  Which structure is common to ALL eukaryotic cells?
	a)  chloroplast 
	b)  mitochondrion
	c)  cell wall 
	d)  bilayer membrane
	e)  nucleus

____ 3.  The centers for metabolism in the cell:
	a)  Golgi bodies
	b)  Ribosomes
	c)  Mitochondria
	d)  Nuclei

____ 4.  The following is NOT a characteristic unique to living organisms:
	a)  need for energy
	b)  need for water
	c)  adaptation
	d)  cellular composition

____ 5. Which organelle viewed using the electron microscope, appears to be a collection of fine 	granules and tiny fibres?
	a)  mitochondrion  
	b)  ER  
	c)  chloroplast  
	d)  nucleolus  
	e)  Golgi body

____ 6. If plant cells are immersed in distilled water, the resulting movement 
        of water into the cells is called:
	a)  conduction
	b)  active transport
	c)  transpiration
	d)  osmosis

_____ 7. Which of the following is the primary role of the lysosome?
	a)  ATP synthesis
	b)  Intracellular digestion
	c)  Lipid transport
	d)  Carbohydrate storage
	e)  Protein synthesis

_____ 8. If a group of living cells swim away from a source of light, they are demonstrating which 	  	     characteristic of living organisms?
    a)  Living things grow, develop, and reproduce.
    b)  Life is organized
	c)  Living things react to environmental change.
	d)  Life requires energy.
	e)  Living things adapt.

_____ 9. The first living organisms were _______________.
	a)  eukaryotes
	b)  prokaryotes
	c)  fungi
	d)  protists

_____10. The inventor of the compound microscope was  ________________.
	a)  Schleiden
	b)  Leeuwenhoek
	c)  Whittaker
	d)  Hooke
	e)  Linnaeus

_____11. The scientific name Homo sapiens indicates that organisms given this name
    a)   belong to the species Homo
    b)   belong to the genus Homo
    c)   belong to the class Homo
    d)   belong to the phylum Homo

_____12. Which kind of evidence would help most to classify an organism?
    a)  the Organism's environment
    b)  the evolutionary relationships of the organism
    c)  the organism's eating habits
    d)  the function of the organisms s body parts

_____13. Which cell structure provides energy?
    a)  ribosome
	b)  mitochondrion
	c)  lysosome
	d)  nucleus

_____14. Which kind of evidence would help most to classify an organism?
	a)  the Organism's environment
	b)  the evolutionary relationships of the organism
	c)  the organism's eating habits
	d)  the function of the organisms s body parts

____ 15. Biologists conduct experiments and make observations of the natural world in order to help them:
	a)  prove their hypotheses are correct.
	b)  construct a conceptual view of the natural world.
	c)  discover the truth of reality
	d)  disprove theories based on the supernatural.

	 								                Value 15 points

Part II: Fill in the Blanks. Complete each of the following with the proper word or words.

1.  Organelle where energy necessary for cell activities is produced is called  _________________. 		

2.  Boundary that separates a plant cell from its environment is called  ______________.

3.  The storage area of a cell is the ______________
4.  A tissue is a group of ______________.
5.  The site of photosynthesis in a green plant is the organelle called ______________.

6.  Cells which lack a nucleus and other membrane bound organelles are called ________________.
7.  Organelle responsible for protein production is the  ______________.

8.  According to Aristotle's system of classification there were _________ kingdoms.

9.  What does the term Aobservations" mean? _________________________________________________

10. The coverslip has two purposes: __________________ and ________________.

											  	    Value 10 points

Part III.  Tables.  Give the information required.

1.  List the three parts of the Cell Theory:




2.  Give the functions for any five of the parts of a compound microscope.

 	         Name of Part                     Function






3.  Describe how you could calculate the magnification power of a microscope.

4.  List five characteristics of living things with examples.

        	Characteristic						Example






												   Value 15 points

Part IV: Classification Key.  ANSWERS

1.   __________________               4. ______________________

2.   __________________               5. ______________________
3.   __________________

									               Value  5 points

Part V: Short Answer.  Answer each of the following in detail.

1.  Describe the theory of  endosymbiosis, as it relates to the development of eukaryotes.

2.  Arrange the taxonomic headings in order from Kingdom on down.



3.  What are four methods used to classify organisms?


											          Value 15 points

Part VI: Matching.  Put the letter of the matching term in the blank at left.

____  Leeuwenhoek		A  invented term "cell"

____  Hooke			    B  "father of biology"

____  Spallanzani		C  5 kingdoms

____  Whittaker		    D   prokaryote

____  Virchow			E  "flea glasses"

____  Hypotonic		    F  eukaryote

____  Linnaeus		    G  spontaneous generation

____  Bacteria			H  cell theory

____  Plant cell		I  freshwater

____  Aristotle			J  binomial nomenclature

                        K  salt water							
                                                       Value 10 points

Part VII:  Longer Answers.  Answer with as much detail as possible.

1. a) Describe Redi's experiments.  Use properly labelled diagrams.

    b) What did Redi and Pasteur conclude about spontaneous generation?

  										              Value 10 points

2. a)  Draw and label the parts of a semi-permeable cell membrane. 

  b) With reference to the structure of the cell membrane, describe how materials enter and leave  the cell.   
    Include references to: phagocytosis, pinocytosis, facilitated diffusion, active and  passive transport, osmosis
    and diffusion.  Define each of these terms and explain their importance.


									                  Value 10 points

3. "The day to day workings of a cell can be compared to the running of a factory. "  
     Support this statement by selecting any five cell parts and for each part chosen:

Cell Part 		Function                             Factory Part                    Reason

								                      Value 10 points