Biology 11 Review Quiz Name: _____________ Part I - Meanings. Define the following terms: taxonomy sessile key binomial nomenclature biosphere littoral zone abiotic factor habitat niche herbivore Part II - Multiple Choice. Put the letter of the correct answer in the blank to the left. 1.______ The scientific name Homo sapiens indicates that organisms given this name a. belong to the species Homo b. belong to the genus Homo c. belong to the class Homo d. belong to the phylum Homo 2 ______ Which kind of evidence would help most to classify an organism? a. the organism's habitat b. the evolutionary relationships of the organism c. the organism's eating habits d. the function of the organism's body parts : 3.______ Humans belong to the class: a) amphibia b) mammalia c) animalia d) Homo 4. _____ In the nitrogen cycle, the transformation of gaseous nitrogen into nitrogen- containing compounds is performed primarily by: a) fungi b) bacteria c) green plants d) herbivores e) carnivores 5. _____ All of the following statements about the diagram are correct EXCEPT: a) The grasshopper is an herbivore. b) Only two trophic levels are depicted c) The mouse and grasshopper are at the same trophic level. d) The grass is a producer. e) All of the organisms except grass are consumers, regardless of position. 6. _____ The organic and inorganic materials in all the organisms in the diagram will eventually return to the environment by the action of: a) decomposers b) producers c) primary consumers d) secondary consumers e) carnivores 7. _____ Which of the following organisms is most likely to be located at the top of the pyramid of biomass? a) grass b) grasshopper c) snake d) mouse e) hawk 8. _____ In the nitrogen cycle, the transformation of gaseous nitrogen into nitrogen-containing compounds is performed primarily by a) fungi b) bacteria c) green plants d) herbivores e) carnivores 9. _____ Which of the following is true about secondary consumers in an ecosystem? a) They eat only plants. b) They are eaten by primary consumers. c) They are smaller and weaker than are primary consumers. d) They are fewer in number than are primary consumers. e) They contain the greatest total biomass in the system. Part III - Short Answer. Answer each of the following in detail. 1. Why are Latin and Greek names used to classify organisms? 2. State and describe five characteristics of living organisms.. 3. a) What is meant by the term concept map? b) Use a concept map to describe how nitrogen is returned to the nitrogen cycle. (Use the back of this paper.) 4. List the five kingdoms of classification and give two characteristics for each. 5. Draw and properly label a concept map to illustrate the interactions among organisms at various levels from producer to third order consumer. (Use the back of this paper.) 6. a) Why is the carbon cycle important? b) If the carbon cycle is improperly balanced, what happens? c) How can this outcome be somewhat controlled? 7, a) How is a population of rabbits density-dependent? b) List four density-dependent factors.